Why is this medication prescribed?
Gabapentin capsules, tablets, and oral treatment are used along with other medications to help control certain types of seizures in those who have epilepsy. Gabapentin capsules, tablets, and oral solution are also utilised to alleviate the pain of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN; the burning, stabbing pain or distress which may last for months or years after an attack of shingles).
Gabapentin extended-release tablets (Horizant) are traditionally utilized to treat restless legs syndrome (RLS; a condition which causes discomfort in the legs and a strong desire to move the legs, especially at night and if sitting or lying down).
Gabapentin is in a class of drugs called anticonvulsants. Gabapentin capsules relieves the pain of PHN by changing the way the body senses pain. It’s not known exactly how gabapentin works to treat restless legs syndrome.
How should this medicine be used?
Gabapentin comes as a capsule, a tablet, an extended-release (long-acting) pill, and an oral solution (liquid) to take orally. Gabapentin capsules, tablets, and oral solution are usually taken with a complete glass of water (8 ounces [240 milliliters]), with or without meals, three times every day.
These medications should be taken at equally spaced times throughout the night and day; no longer than 12 hours must pass between dosages.
The extended-release tablet (Horizant) is taken with food once daily at approximately 5 PM. Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your physician or pharmacist to explain any part that you do not understand. Don’t take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your physician.
Gabapentin extended-release tablets cannot be substituted for another kind of gabapentin merchandise. Make sure you receive just the kind of gabapentin which was prescribed by your physician.
Ask your pharmacist if you have any questions about the sort of gabapentin you had been given.
Swallow the extended-release tablets whole; do not cut, chew, or crush them.
If your doctor tells you to take one-fifth of a regular tablet as part of your dose, then carefully divide the tablet along the score mark.
Use another half-tablet as part of your next dose. Properly dispose of any half-tablets you have not used within several days of breaking them.
If you are taking gabapentin capsules to control seizures or PHN, your doctor will likely start you on a low dose of gabapentin and slowly increase your dose as necessary to treat your condition.
If you are taking gabapentin capsules to treat PHN, tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve during your treatment.
Gabapentin Capsules may help to control your condition but won’t cure it. Continue taking gabapentin even if you feel well.
Don’t stop taking gabapentin capsules without talking to your doctor, even in the event that you experience side effects such as unusual changes in behavior or mood.
If you suddenly stop taking gabapentin capsules, pills, or oral solution, you may experience withdrawal symptoms like anxiety, difficulty falling asleep or remaining asleep, nausea, nausea, and sweating.
If you are taking gabapentin capsules to treat seizures and you suddenly stop taking the medicine, you may experience seizures more frequently. Your doctor may decrease your dose slowly over at least a week.
Your doctor or pharmacist will give you the manufacturer’s patient information sheet (Medication Guide) when you begin treatment with gabapentin capsules and every time you refill your prescriptionmedication.
Read the information carefully and ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have some questions. You might even visit the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) website or the manufacturer’s website to get the Medication Guide.
Other uses for this medication
Gabapentin capsules is also sometimes utilized to alleviate the pain of diabetic neuropathy (numbness or tingling because of nerve damage in people who have diabetes), and to cure and avoid hot flashes (sudden strong feelings of heat and sweating) in women who are being treated for breast cancer or who have experienced menopause (“change of life”, the end of monthly menstrual periods). Speak to your physician about the risks of using this medicine for your condition.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking Gabapentin capsules:
- Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to gabapentin, some other drugs, or some of the inactive ingredients in the type of gabapentin you plan to take. Ask your pharmacist for a list of these inactive ingredients.
- You ought to be aware that gabapentin is offered in various forms which might be prescribed for various uses. Consult your doctor to be certain you aren’t taking more than 1 product that includes gabapentin.
- Tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Be sure to mention any of the following: antidepressants; antihistamines; drugs for anxiety; drugs that make you feel dizzy or sleepy; medications for mental illness; naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn, others); opioid (narcotic) drugs for pain such as hydrocodone (in Hydrocet, in Vicodin, others), morphine (Avinza, Kadian, MSIR, others), or oxycodone OxyContin, at Percocet, at Roxicet, others); sedatives; drugs for seizures; sleeping pills, and tranquilizers.
- If you’re taking antacids like Maalox or Mylanta, take them at least 2 hours before you choose gabapentin capsules, tablets, or alternative.
- Tell your doctor if you have or have ever had lung or kidney disease. If you’ll be taking the extended-release pills, also tell your doctor if you have to sleep through the day and stay awake at nighttime. If you get pregnant while taking gabapentin capsules, call your doctor.
- If you are having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you’re taking gabapentin.
- You ought to be aware that this medication may make you drowsy or dizzy, can impede your thinking, and may cause loss of coordination. Don’t drive a car or operate machinery until you know how this medicine affects you, and your doctor agrees it is safe for you to begin these activities.
- If you are committing gabapentin for your child, you ought to be aware your kid’s behaviour and psychological abilities may change whether or not she’s taking gabapentin. Your child may have abrupt changes in mood, become hostile or hyperactive, have trouble concentrating or paying attention, or be tired or tired. Do your child avoid actions that could be dangerous, like riding a bicycle, until you know how gabapentin affects him or her.
- Remember that alcohol can add to the drowsiness caused by this medicine.
- You should be aware that your mental health may change in unexpected ways and you’ll probably become suicidal (considering harming or killing yourself or planning or attempting to do so) while you are taking gabapentin for the treatment of epilepsy, mental illness, or other conditions. A small number of adults and children 5 decades of age and older (about 1 in 500 individuals ) who took anticonvulsants like gabapentin to treat various conditions during clinical trials became hospitalized during their treatment. Some of the folks developed suicidal ideas and behavior as early as one week after they began taking the medicine. There is a risk that you may undergo changes in your mental health if you choose an anticonvulsant medication like gabapentin, but there might also be a risk you will experience changes in your mental health if your illness isn’t treated. You and your physician will decide whether the risks of taking an anticonvulsant medication are greater than the dangers of not taking the medication. You, your loved ones, or your caregiver should call your doctor straight away if you notice any of these symptoms: panic attacks; agitation or restlessness; worsening or new irritability, anxiety, or depression; acting on dangerous impulses; difficulty falling or staying asleep; aggressive, angry, or violent behavior; mania (frenzied, abnormally excited mood); speaking or thinking about wanting to hurt yourself or finish your life; withdrawing from friends and family; preoccupation with death and dying; giving away prized possessions; or some other unusual changes in behaviour or mood. Make certain your loved ones or caregiver knows which symptoms may be serious so they can call the physician if you cannot seek treatment on your own.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, continue your normal diet.
If you don’t remember to take gabapentin capsules, pills, or oral solution, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it’s almost time for the next dose or if you don’t remember to take gabapentin extended-release pills, then skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
What are the warnings and side effects this drug can cause?
Gabapentin capsules may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or don’t go off:
- fatigue or weakness
- uncontrollable shaking of some portion of your body
- double or blurred vision
- memory issues
- strange or unusual thoughts
- undesirable eye motions
- dry mouth
- increased appetite
- weight gain
- swelling of the hands, ankles, feet, or lower legs
- joint or back pain
- runny nose, sneezing, cough, sore throat, or flu-like symptoms
- ear pain
- reddish, itchy eyes (sometimes with swelling or discharge)
Some side effects can be serious. Should you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:
- swelling of the face, neck, tongue, lips, or eyes
- trouble swallowing or breathing
- difficulty breathing; bluish-tinged lips, skin, or fingernails; confusion; or intense sleepiness
Gabapentin capsules may cause other unwanted effects. Call your physician if you have any unusual problems while taking this medicine.
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Keep all appointments with your doctor.
Should you use a dipstick to test your urine for protein, then ask your physician which product you should use while taking this medication.
Don’t let anyone else take your medication. Consult your pharmacist with any questions you have about refilling your prescription.
It is important for you to keep a written list of each of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you’re taking, as well as some other items such as vitamins, minerals, or other supplements.
You need to make this record with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to take with you in the event of crises.
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